Mikrobiol. Z. 2018; 80(5):63-75. Ukrainian.
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/microbiolj80.05.063

Formation of the Nitrogen-Fixing Potential and Productivity of Soybean Varieties Selected
at the Institute of Feeds and Agriculture of Podillia of NAAS

Petrychenko V.F.1, Kobak S.Ya.1, Chorna V.M.1, Kolisnyk S.I.1, Likhochvor V.V.2, Pyda S.V.3

1Institute of Feeds and Agriculture of Podillia, NAAS of Ukraine
16 Yunotsi Ave., Vinnitsa, 21100, Ukraine

2Lviv National Agrarian University
Volodymyra Velykoho Str., Dubliany, 80381, Ukraine

3Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University
2 Maxymа Kryvonosa Str., Ternopil, 46027, Ukraine

The purpose of our research was to investigate the nitrogen fixing potential formation and different soybean varieties productivity selected at the Institute of Forage and Agriculture of Podillya NAAS depending on bacterization in gray forest mid-loamy soils under the conditions of the right-bank Forest-Steppe. Methods. Microbiological, physiological, biochemical, gas chromatography. The method of monoliths was used to determine the number and mass of nodule bacteria. Results. The research results revealed an effect of the bacterial preparation, namely inoculant Optimize 200 based on strain 61A273 Bradyrhizobium japonicum, on the dynamics of formation and productivity of soybean-rhizobia symbiosis under availability of the background populations of soybean rhizobia in the soil are presented. The nitrogen-fixing potential and yield of soybean seed selected at the Institute of Feeds and Agriculture of Podillia of NAAS under the effect bacterization is determined. It is established that bacterization with bio-agent Optimize 200 promotes the effectiveness of the soybean symbiotic system and, as a consequence, the increasement in seed yield and quality. Conclusions. It is proved that seed bacterization with bio-agents based on the strain Bradyrhizobium japonicum under conditions of the right-bank Forest-Steppe on the gray forest mid-loamy soils improved the formation and functioning of a symbiotic soybean apparatus, even on the background of the soil population of nodule bacteria. Soybean seed bacterization contributed for getting up the level of biologically fixed nitrogen on 27 - 37 %, soybean yield – 38 - 47 % and the crude protein maintenance – up to 38.8 %. Straight dependence and strong positive correlations of the amount of biologically fixed nitrogen and the productivity of soybean varieties have been established.

Keywords: soybean, variety, bacterization, Optimize 200, number and mass of nodules, amount of fixed biological nitrogen, yield, seed, crude protein.

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