Mikrobiol. Z. 2017; 79(3):84-97. Ukrainian.
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/microbiolj79.03.084

Species Composition of Mycobiota of Betula pendula Roth Coarse Woody
Debris of Ukrainian Polissya

Holyaka M.А., Voloshchuk N.М., Bilous А.М., Holyaka D.М., Vasylyshyn R.D., Bilous S.Yu.

National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
15 Heroiv Oborony Str., Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine

The aim of research was to study the species composition and similarity of coarse woody debris mycobiota of Betula pendula Roth, identifcation of its specifc groups in forests of Ukrainian Polissya. Methods. Mycological, forest mensuration, mathematical and statistical methods were used for research. Results. Ninety fve species of fungi from 62 genera were isolated and identifed as a result of mycological analysis of 1368 samples of B. pendula coarse woody debris. The majority of fungi (79 species) belonged to the phylum Ascomycota. It was found that some species of mycobiota occurred on certain components and destruction classes of B. pendula coarse woody debris. Pattern similarity of mycobiota of the same and neighboring destruction classes of snags, logs, dead branches were found for silver birch forest of Ukrainian Polissya.
Correlation analysis of the structure of fungal communities showed that powerful and strong groups are formed in the highest species diversity: logs of the III and V classes of degradation and snags of the III class decomposition. It was shown that the coarse woody debris components play an integral role in the formation of fungal complexes, strong determination and a clear correlation structure of which provide a basis for their use as biogeocenosis indicators for studying the effects of anthropogenic and other factors.
Necessity to leave of logs and dead branch pieces of different destruction classes after forest using was established for maintaining of biodiversity in birch biogeocenoses.

Key words: mycobiota, coarse woody debris, logs, snags, dead branches, classes of destruction, Betula pendula Roth.

Full text (PDF, in Ukrainian)

  1. Andrews JH, Harris RF. The ecology and biogeography of microorganisms on plant surfaces. AR Phytopathol. 2000; 38(1):145. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.phyto.38.1.145
  2. Bilay VI, Koval EZ. [Aspergillus]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka; 1988.
  3. Bilous AM, Kovbasa YaV. [Methodical peculiarities of studying of birch forest mormass in Polesie of Ukraine]. [Scientifc messenger of National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine. Series: Forestry and Park Gardening]. 2014; 198(2):31-7. Russian.
  4. Bilous AM, Voloshchuk NM, Buyzl MA, Kovbasa YaV. [Peculiarities of mortmass mycobiota formation in soft-deciduous young forests on old-tillage soils of the Chernihiv Polissya]. Mikrobiol Z. 2013; 75(6):51-7. Ukrainian.
  5. Blanchette RA. Degradation of the lignocellulose complex in wood. Can J Bot. 1995; 73(1):999-1010. https://doi.org/10.1139/b95-350
  6. Borisova VN. [Hyphomycetes of forest litter in different ecosystems]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka; 1988. Russian.
  7. Bukhalo AS. [Fungi of some forest phytocoenoses of the Left Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. In: [Problems of study of lichens]. Tartu; 1965:29-34. Russian.
  8. Dudka IO, Merezhko TO, Gayova VP. [Mycologal monitoring as a means of assessing the prediction of the phytosanitary status of forest ecosystems]. Ukr botan zhurn. 1994; 5(6):53-9.
  9. Ellis MB, Ellis JP. Microfungi on land plants. An identifcation handbook. – New York: Macmillan Publishing; 1985.
  10. Ellis MB. More Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes. – United Kingdom: CAB International; 2001.
  11. Golovleva LA, Leontevsky AA. [Lignin Biodegradation]. Uspekhi mikrobiologii. 1990; 24:128-55. Russian.
  12. Harmon ME, Franklin JF, Swanson FJ, Sollins P, Gregory SV, Lattin JD, et al. Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems. Adv Ecol Res. 1986; 15:133-302.
  13. Haines-Young R, Potschin M. Common International classifcation of ecosystem services. Nottingham: Centre for Environmental Management, University of Nottingham; 2012.
  14. Ivanter EV, Korsov AV. [Introduction to quantitative biology: a manual]. Petrozavodsk: PetrGU; 2011. Russian.
  15. Isikov VP. [Ecological niches of fungi on woody plants]. Mikol i Phytopathol. 1993; 27(4):17-23. Russian.
  16. Isikov VP. [Distribution regularities of fungi in the crowns of woody plants]. Ukr botan zhurn. 1993; 50(5):55-61. Russian.
  17. Kirilenko TS. [A manual of soil ascomycete fungi]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka; 1978.
  18. Kirk T, Shimoda M. Biosynthesis and biodegradation of wood components. New York: Acad Press; 1985:579-605. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-347880-1.50025-8
  19. Kurakov AV. [Methods of isolation and characteristic of complexes of microscopic fungi of terrestrial ecosystems]. Moscow: Max Press. 2001. Russian.
  20. Lebedeva NV, Drozdov NN, Krivolutckyi DA. [Biodiversity and methods of its evaluation: a manual]. Moscow: Moscow University Press; 1999. Russian.
  21. Melnik VA. [A manual of fungi of Russia. Class Hyphomycetes. Family Dematiaceae]. St-Petersburg: Nauka; 2000. Russian.
  22. Methods of experimental mycology. A handbook]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka; 1982.
  23. Morochkovski SF, Zerova MYa, Lavitska ZG, Smitska MF. [A manual of fungi of Ukraine]. Vol ІІ. Kyiv: Naukova dumka; 1969.
  24. Ozerskaya SM., Mirchink TG. [Species change of micromycete fungi in the decomposition of birch litter]. Mikol i Phytopathol. 1981; 15(2):97-101. Russian.
  25. Petrenko IA. [Decomposition of pine wood in soil]. Novosibirsk: Nauka; 1973. Russian.
  26. Ripachek V. [Biology of Wood-destroying mushrooms]. Moscow: Lesnaya promyshlennost; 1967. Russian.
  27. Soldatova IM. [Succession of fungi in the decomposition of wood in lichen pine forests]. In: Proceedings of the IV All-Union conference «Study of fungi in biogeocoenoses». – Sverdlovsk, 1988. Russian.
  28. SOU 02.02-37-476:2006. [Trial forest regulatory areas. Bookmark method]. Kyiv: Minagropolityky Ukrainy; 2006.
  29. Stepanova NT, Mukhin VA. [Basics of ecology of wood-destroying mushrooms]. Moscow: Nauka; 1979. Russian.
  30. Tomilin BA. [Environmental factors affecting the distribution of fungi in plant communities]. Botan Z. 1964; 49(2):230-9. Russian.
  31. Zabel RA, Morrell JJ. Wood microbiology: decay and its prevention. New York: Academic Press; 1992.
  32. Zerova MYa. [Parasitic microfora of afforestation on the right bank of the Ukrainian SSR]. Botan Z AN URSR. 1953; 10(4):66-74.