Mikrobiol. Z. 2016; 78(6):71-83.
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/microbiolj78.06.071

Phytopathogenic Bacteria in Contemporary Agriculture

Patyka V.P.

Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology, NAS of Ukraine
154 Akad. Zabolotny Str., Kyiv, 03143, Ukraine

The purpose. To study ecology, morphology, ultrastructure and biochemical characteristics of phytopathogenic bacteria; to determine bacterial diseases of plants and the patterns of their occurrence and development of the infectious process, to develop the mechanisms for plant disease control. Methods. Microbiological, physiological, biochemical, statistical. Results. Bacterial diseases of agricultural crops and related weeds and their causative agents in different cropping systems were described. Ecological niches of plant pathogenic bacteria were determined. Specialization of agents of bacterial diseases in plants was identified. Conclusions. It was established that a wide deterioration of crops and related weeds is caused by pathogenic bacteria of the following genera: Pseudomonas, Xanthomonas, Pectobacterium, Clavibacter, and Curtobacterium.

Key words: phytopathogenic bacteria, bacterial diseases of plants, agricultural crops, weeds, ecological niches, lipopolysaccharides.

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