Mikrobiol. Z. 2016; 78(1):63-70.
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/microbiolj78.01.063

New Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Associations from Soils of Crimean Steppe

Abdurashytov S.F.1, Volkohon V.V.2

1Institute of Agriculture of the Crimea
150 Kyivska Str., Simferopol, 295053, Crimea, Ukraine

2Institute of Agricultural Microbiology and Agroindustrial Production, NAAS of Ukraine
97 Shevchenko Str., Chernihiv, 14027, Ukraine

The primary selection ofarbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi from soils of Crimean Steppe was conducted. The most effective associations P3, P5, S1, S3, S8 and S9 were identified using morphological characteristics of Sorgum sudanense roots colonization and spores surface appearance. It was shown that AM fungi form Arum-type symbiosis contain well-established spores ’kinds specific to individual associations. The molecular identification was performed in addition to the morphological data. AM fungi associations P3, P5, S1, S3, S8 and S9 were identified as Rhizophagus genus while S1 association as Funneliformis genus.

Key words: arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, root colonization, spores, identification, rDNA.

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