Mikrobiol. Z. 2015; 77(3):23-27.
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/microbiolj77.03.023

Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts from Ecuadorian Lichens

Matvieieva N.A.1, Pasichnyk L.A.1, Zhytkevych N.V.1, Pabon Garces Galo Jacinto2, Pidgorskyi V.S.1

1Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology, NAS of Ukraine
154 Akad. Zabolotny Str., Kyiv, 03143, Ukraine

2Northern Technical University of Ecuadore
17 de Julio Av., El Olivo, Ibarra-Ecuador

Antimicrobial activity of the ethanolic, isopropanolic, acetone, DMSO and aqueous extracts of the two lichen species from Ecuadorian highland, Usnea sp. and Stereocaulon sp. were explored in vitro against bacteria Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus by the discdiffusion method. Also the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined.
The strongest antimicrobial activity was found in DMSO extract of Usnea sp. compared to antibacterial activity of ciprfloxacin and cefazolin antibiotics. The inhibition zone was 28 mm, 30 mm, 31mm (DMSO extract, ciprfloxacin and cefazolin respectively) in case of B. subtilis usage as the test bacteria. MIC value for Usnea sp. and Stereocaulon sp. DMSO extracts was 0.4 mg/ml. E. coli was resistant to all kinds of extracts. The S. aureus sensitivity to lichen DMSO extracts was comparable to sensitivity of these microorganisms to tetracycline and vancomycin. Thereby, most kinds of extracts (ethanol, isopropanol, hexane, DMSO and acetone solvents) from Ecuadorian lichens Usnea sp. and Stereocaulon sp. with the exception of aqueous Stereocaulon sp. extracts possessed antibacterial activity against B. subtilis. DMSO lichen extracts had also antimicrobial activity against S. aureus. At the same time the extracts studied didn’t demonstrate antibacterial activity against the representatives of the most common and harmful phytopathogenic bacteria tested.
Further investigations of Ecuadorian lichens especially study ofplants collected from extremal highland biotops can be very important in study of possibility of treatment of numerous diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms.

Key words: Usnea sp., Stereocaulon sp., antimicrobial activity, Ecuador.

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