Mikrobiol. Z. 2020; 82(4):3-12. Ukrainian.
Anti-Lipopolysaccharide Antibodies and Osmotic Resistance of Erythrocytes in Healthy Individuals
and Patients with B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma with Different Blood Groups
L.D. Varbanets1, K.G. Garkava2, O.S. Brovarskaya1, T.V. Bulyhina1,
V.V. Timoshenko3, R.P. Pavlyuk3, S.O. Sivkovych3
1Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology, NAS of Ukraine
154 Akad. Zabolotny Str., Kyiv, 03143, Ukraine
2National Aviation University
1 Lyubomyr Huzar Ave., Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine
3Institute of Hematology and Transfusion, NAMS of Ukraine
12 M. Berlinsky Str., Kyiv, 04060, Ukraine
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of gram-negative bacteria are obligate components of normal human antigenic environment, because they make up a large part of the gastrointestinal tract microbiota, represented by opportunistic enterobacteria. Therefore, a relatively stable baseline level of LPS-specific antibodies of different classes is always detected in human blood. Since LPS are polyclonal B-lymphocyte stimulators, they may contribute to the development of some tumor diseases associated with their activation, including B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL), which is a heterogeneous group of tumors originating from B-lymphocytes, which are at different stages of development and maturation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence of antibodies to LPS isolated from three strains of Enterobacteriaceae, representatives of Escherichia coli and Pantoea agglomerans, in the blood of donors with different blood groups and patients with B-NHL. Results. The studies on determination the titer of antibodies to LPS of various representatives of Enterobacteriaceae indicate that blood donors, regardless of their group affiliation, have antibodies to LPS isolated from three bacterial strains – Escherichia coli L-19 (LPS 1), E. coli M-17 (LPS 2), and Pantoea agglomerans 8488 (LPS 3). The antibody titers differed depending on group affiliation. Thus, titer of antibodies to LPS 1 and LPS 2 was higher in the blood of blood group III donors than those of blood groups I, II or IV donors. Another data was obtained for B-NHL patients who did not have any specific treatment: the titer of anti-LPS antibodies in their blood was significantly lower than in healthy patients. However, the titers of antibodies to LPS 3 were slightly higher than to LPS 1 and LPS 2, especially in blood group III patients. Conclusions. Blood group B (III) donors are characterized by a highest titer of anti-LPS antibodies to E. coli L-19 (LPS 1), which may indicate a higher sensitivity to LPS, although the level of antibodies in the blood of all donors was higher compared to patients with B-NHL. This fact may need to be taken into account in blood transfusions in leukemia cases and the level of anti-LPS antibodies in the blood of donors should be detected.
Keywords: Escherichia coli, Pantoea agglomerans, lipopolysaccharides, anti-lipopolysaccharide antibodies, blood groups, B-cells non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
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