Mikrobiol. Z. 2018; 80(6):28-40. Russian.
Organization of crt-Clusters of Strains from the Streptomyces albus Clade
Polishchuk L.V., Lukyanchuk V.V.
Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology, NAS of Ukraine
154 Akad. Zabolotny Str., Kyiv, 03143, Ukraine
The purpose of this study was to define the organization of crt-clusters of 8 strains from the S. albus clade. Show the possibility to use the organization of crt-clusters for classification of streptomycetes to taxons of lower hierarchy. Methods. Comparative analysis in silico of the primary structures of Streptomycetes genomes included in “Nucleotide collection” database on NCBI server was performed using programs (blastn and bl2seq) of the BLAST software package. Results. A number of similarities in organization of crtclusters of the 8 strains selected for the study, both recognized members of the S. albus group (J1074, DSM 41398, SM254, BK3-25), and related strains (S. sampsonii KJ40, Streptomyces sp. GBA 94-10, Streptomyces sp. PVA 94-07, Streptomyces sp. FR-008) were found. It was shown that all 8 crt-clusters consist of 2 convergent operons. They all do not maintain crtT-genes. All 8 clusters had inserts of additional genes whose products are not involved in carotenoid synthesis. They are usually located between operons. Exceptions are the crt-clusters of strains S. albus DSM 41398 and S. albus BK3-25, in which the additional genes are located between crtY and crtU genes. Conclusions. It is assumed that the characteristic features of Streptomycetes crt-cluster organization can be useful (in addition to the genetic and phenotypic characteristics already used) in microorganism classification to the taxa of the lower hierarchy (clades, species, subspecies).
Keywords: Streptomyces, in silico analysis, primary structure, genome, cluster, gene, clade, homology, overlap.
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