Mikrobiol. Z. 2017; 79(3):84-97. Ukrainian.
Species Composition of Mycobiota of Betula pendula Roth Coarse Woody
Debris of Ukrainian Polissya
Holyaka M.А., Voloshchuk N.М., Bilous А.М., Holyaka D.М., Vasylyshyn R.D., Bilous S.Yu.
National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
15 Heroiv Oborony Str., Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine
The aim of research was to study the species composition and similarity of coarse woody debris mycobiota of Betula pendula Roth, identifcation of its specifc groups in forests of Ukrainian Polissya. Methods. Mycological, forest mensuration, mathematical and statistical methods were used for research. Results. Ninety fve species of fungi from 62 genera were isolated and identifed as a result of mycological analysis of 1368 samples of B. pendula coarse woody debris. The majority of fungi (79 species) belonged to the phylum Ascomycota. It was found that some species of mycobiota occurred on certain components and destruction classes of B. pendula coarse woody debris. Pattern similarity of mycobiota of the same and neighboring destruction classes of snags, logs, dead branches were found for silver birch forest of Ukrainian Polissya.
Correlation analysis of the structure of fungal communities showed that powerful and strong groups are formed in the highest species diversity: logs of the III and V classes of degradation and snags of the III class decomposition. It was shown that the coarse woody debris components play an integral role in the formation of fungal complexes, strong determination and a clear correlation structure of which provide a basis for their use as biogeocenosis indicators for studying the effects of anthropogenic and other factors.
Necessity to leave of logs and dead branch pieces of different destruction classes after forest using was established for maintaining of biodiversity in birch biogeocenoses.
Key words: mycobiota, coarse woody debris, logs, snags, dead branches, classes of destruction, Betula pendula Roth.
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